黄潇,罗俊超.劳动力迁移对教育回报率阶层差异及收入差距的影响——采用“中国劳动力动态调查”数据的实证分析[J].西部论坛,2019,29(2):36-45
劳动力迁移对教育回报率阶层差异及收入差距的影响——采用“中国劳动力动态调查”数据的实证分析
China’s Labor Immigration and Its Influence on Income Distribution: Empirical Study Based on Education Return
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  教育回报率  收入差距  劳动力迁移  收入阶层  高等教育  教育收益率  要素报酬效应  要素结构效应
英文关键词:education return rate  income difference  labor immigration  income hierarchy  higher education  education gain rate  factor reward effect  factor structure effect
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作者单位
黄潇,罗俊超 重庆工商大学 长江上游经济研究中心重庆 400067 
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中文摘要:
      基于“中国劳动力动态调查”数据分析表明,我国的教育回报率存在明显的收入阶层差异,其总体上随收入水平的上升而增加,且低收入阶层与其他收入阶层差距较大,中等收入阶层的高等教育回报率最高;劳动力迁移能显著提升接受高等教育的中、高收入群体和接受中等教育的中等收入群体的教育回报率,进而强化其收入优势;教育回报率差异对收入差距的贡献比受教育水平分布不均更大,劳动力迁移总体上有助于缩小与个体受教育(特别是高等教育)差异相关的收入差距。因此,教育资源的分配要有利于提升低收入群体的教育层次,并清除阻碍劳动力迁移的制度障碍,以缩减由个体受教育差异引致的收入差距。
英文摘要:
      The analysis based on the China Labor-force Dynamic Survey data shows that China’s education return rate has significant difference in income hierarchies, that the education return rate rises with the rising of income level as a whole, that there is big difference between lower income hierarchy and other income levels, that the education return rate of middle income hierarchy is the highest, and that the labor immigration can obviously promote the education return rate for receiving high education of middle and high income groups and for receiving middle education of middle income group to further strengthen their income advantages. The contribution of education return rate to income difference is more uneven than education level, as a whole, the labor immigration is conducive to narrowing the income gap related to individual education (especially high education). Thus, the allocation of education resources should be helpful to raise the education level of lower income groups, we should eliminate the systematic barrier resisting labor immigration to narrow the income gap resulting from the difference in individual education.
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