程锐.基础设施影响经济增长及收入差距的机理研究——新结构经济学框架下分工视域的理论探究和跨国数据的实证检验[J].西部论坛,2019,29(1):21-33
基础设施影响经济增长及收入差距的机理研究——新结构经济学框架下分工视域的理论探究和跨国数据的实证检验
Research on the Mechanism for the Impact of Infrastructure Construction on Economic Growth and the Transnational Income Gap: Theoretical Study on Labor Division and Empirical Test on Transnational Data under the Perspective of New Structural Economics
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  软基础设施  硬基础设施  内生经济增长  分工  自主创新  跨国收入差距  新结构经济学
英文关键词:soft infrastructure  hard infrastructure  endogenous economic growth  labor division  independent innovation  transnational income gap  new structural economics
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作者单位
程锐 西北大学 经济管理学院西安 710127 
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中文摘要:
      基于新结构经济学的理论框架,将基础设施分为软基础设施和硬基础设施,从分工视域探析基础设施影响经济增长及收入差距的机理:在现代经济增长的初始阶段,需要一定的软基础设施促进技术创新并保证分工的形成,分工的演进则需要改善硬基础设施以扩大物理上的市场规模;随着经济增长,软基础设施和硬基础设施都需要不断完善,协同促进社会分工体系的优化发展和经济增长,实现可持续的内生经济增长;发展中国家由于技术创新的外生性,不仅在现代经济增长的初始阶段,而且在其经济赶超的全过程中,软基础设施的作用都比硬基础设施更为显著。基础设施的差异将导致经济增长的异质,进而产生收入差距;由于软基础设施的差异更加难以消除,软基础设施对收入差距的影响更为显著。基于139个国家和地区1996—2014年数据的实证分析结果较好地支持了上述理论分析:软基础设施具有更为显著的经济增长促进效应,OECD国家的软硬基础设施均显著促进经济增长,而非OECD国家只有软基础设施显著促进经济增长;基础设施差距越大则人均收入差距越大,非OECD国家软基础设施对收入差距的影响更大。发展中国家的经济发展应更加重视软基础设施建设,但软基础设施的完善不能以西方价值体系为标准,而应基于国情以有效促进分工的形成和演进为标准。
英文摘要:
      Based on the perspective of new structural economics, this paper divided the infrastructure into soft infrastructure and hard infrastructure and examined the mechanism of the impact of infrastructure construction on economic growth and narrowing the cross-country income gap from labor division viewpoint: At the initial stage of modern economic growth, certain soft infrastructure is needed to boost technical innovation and to ensure labor division, the evolution of the labor division needs to improve hard infrastructure to enlarge market scale physically, furthermore, with the economic growth, both soft infrastructure and hard infrastructure need to be continuously improved to cooperatively boost optimized development of social labor division system and economic growth so as to realize sustainably endogeneously economic growth. In developing countries, because of technical innovation externality, the action of soft infrastructure is more significant than that of hard infrastructure not only in the initial stage of economic growth but also in the whole process of catching up and surpassing. The difference of infrastructure results in the heterogeneity of economic growth and further produces income gap.Because the difference of soft infrastructure is more difficult to be eliminated, the impact of soft infrastructure on income gap is more obvious. The empirical analysis results based on the data of 139 countries and regions during 1996-2014 support above theoretical analysis. Soft infrastructure has more significant boosting effect on economic growth, soft and hard infrastructure plays a significant role in economic growth in the OECD countries, however,in non-OECD countries, only the soft infrastructure plays a significant role.The larger the gap of infrastructure is, the larger per capita income gap is, and the impact of soft infrastructure on income gap in non-OECD countries is larger. The economic development in developing countries should attach more importance to soft infrastructure, however, the improvement of soft infrastructure should not take western value system as standard but should be based on China’s reality to take the promotion of formation and evolution of effective labor division as standard.
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