罗浩轩1,郑晔2.中美贸易摩擦下我国农业产业安全深层次困境及破解思路[J].西部论坛,2019,29(1):11-20
中美贸易摩擦下我国农业产业安全深层次困境及破解思路
The Deep Predicaments of China's Agricultural Industry Security and the Way to Solve It under Sino-US Trade Friction
  
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中文关键词:  中美贸易摩擦  大国效应  农业产业安全  农产品价格  经济全球化
英文关键词:Sino-US trade friction  big country effect  agricultural industry security  price of agricultural products  economic globalization
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作者单位
罗浩轩1,郑晔2 1.成都理工大学 马克思主义学院成都 6100592.四川大学 马克思主义学院成都 610064 
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中文摘要:
      2018年3月以来,中美贸易摩擦不断升级。面对美方贸易制裁,我国采取了包括对大豆等农产品加征关税的反制措施,却也暴露了农业产业安全面临的深层次困境:一是我国作为最大农产品进口国具有“大国效应”和贸易依赖,陷入了“贸易困境”;二是我国农产品价格与国际农产品价格“倒挂”,形成了“价格困境”;三是我国农业补贴政策受内外条件制约而面临着“补贴困境”;四是在经济全球化趋势下我国农业产业该如何与国际市场接轨的“全球化困境”。美国贸易保护主义行径不应动摇我国捍卫经济全球化的决心,未来我国农业产业只能是更深度参与农业资源全球配置。基于此,我们提出“口粮自给,休养生息,因粮于敌,大权在握”的十六字破解方针,即将国内有限农业资源集中于口粮生产、建立和完善休耕制度、发展海外屯田、着重培育本国农业综合企业和建立具有国际影响力的农产品交易中心。
英文摘要:
      Trade friction between China and the United States has escalated since March 2018. Facing the United States trade sanctions, China has taken the anti-sanctions measures including the tax on agricultural products such as soybean and other agricultural products but also exposed the deep plight of the agricultural industry security. First, China, as the largest importer of agricultural products, has “great power effect” and trade dependence, and has fallen into “Trade Predicament”;Secondly, the price of agricultural products of China and the price of international agricultural products are “hanging upside down”, forming a “price predicament ”;Thirdly, China's agricultural subsidy policy is restricted by the internal and external conditions, facing with the “subsidy predicament ”.Fourthly, it exists the “globalization predicament”: how should China's agricultural industry integrate with the international market under the trend of economic globalization? US trade protectionism should not shake our country's determination to safeguard economic globalization. In the future, China's agricultural industry can only participate more deeply in the global allocation of agricultural resources. Based on this, we put forward the cracking policy: “rations have to be self-sufficient, recuperation would be vital, food can be from enemy, power must be in hand”, which solve the deep-seated difficulties by concentrating the limited agricultural resources on grain production, by establishing and perfecting the system of fallow, by developing the overseas farm, by cultivating the domestic agricultural comprehensive enterprises and establishing the agricultural products trade center with international influence.
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