李志a,b,毛惠玉a.贫困地区农村文化建设的居民满意度及提升对策探讨——基于重庆市的调查研究[J].重庆工商大学社会科学版,2020,37(1):87-98
贫困地区农村文化建设的居民满意度及提升对策探讨——基于重庆市的调查研究
Discussion on Residents’ Satisfaction with Rural Cultural Construction in Poverty stricken Areas and Its Promotion Countermeasures: A Survey Based on Chongqing
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  公共文化服务  文化建设满意度  文化需求  农村贫困地区
英文关键词:public cultural service  cultural construction satisfaction  cultural demand  rural impoverished area
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作者单位
李志a,b,毛惠玉a 重庆大学 a.公共管理学院,b.中国公共服务评测与研究中心重庆 400044 
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中文摘要:
      以重庆市3个国家级贫困县万州区、奉节县和巫溪县的农村居民为主要研究对象,采用问卷法和访谈法调查贫困地区农村居民对当前文化建设的满意度及其未来需求状况。研究发现,当前贫困地区农村文化建设处于起步阶段,多元供给机制尚未形成,农村居民对当前文化建设整体满意度较低,尤其是公共文化设施满意度最弱;然而农村居民对未来文化建设的整体需求不足,公共文化服务呈现出明显的低满足、低需求的“双低状态”。对此,本文认为贫困地区农村文化脱贫要以居民精神脱贫为基础,引导居民文化需求层次,辅以差异化供给、多元供给、培养文化建设自生动力,以提升贫困地区农村居民文化建设满意度,满足居民未来文化需求。
英文摘要:
      Taking the rural residents of three state level poverty stricken counties of Wanzhou District,Fengjie County and Wuxi County as main research object,using questionnaires and interviews,this paper investigates the satisfaction of the rural residents in impoverished areas with the current cultural construction and their future demand.The study finds that,at present,the cultural construction in the poverty stricken areas stays at the initial stage,that multiple supply mechanisms are not formed,that the overall satisfaction of rural residents with the cultural construction is low,especially their satisfaction with public cultural facilities is the lowest,however,the overall demand of the rural residents for future cultural construction is not enough,and that they show obvious "double low statuses" of low satisfaction and low demand for public cultural service.In this regard,this paper argues that the rural cultural poverty alleviation in impoverished areas should be based on spiritual poverty alleviation of the rural residents,and cultivate cultural construction self power by guiding the level of cultural demand for the residents and by differentiated supply and multiple supply so as to boost cultural construction satisfaction of the residents in the impoverished areas to meet the demand of future culture of the residents.
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